MIL OSI – Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English –
Headline: Consumer prices in September 2016: +0.7% on September 2015
Highest inflation rate since May 2015
WIESBADEN – Consumer prices in Germany were 0.7% higher in September 2016 than in September 2015. The inflation rate – as measured by the consumer price index – thus has gradually increased in the second half of the year. In July and August 2016, it had been +0.4% each. An inflation rate of +0.7% was last recorded in May 2015. Compared with August 2016, the consumer price index rose just slightly by 0.1% in September 2016. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) thus confirms its provisional overall results of 29 September 2016.
The development of energy prices (–3.6% on September 2015) had a downward effect on the overall rise in prices in September 2016, as had been the case in the preceding months. Compared with the previous two months, the decrease of energy prices slowed slightly year on year (July 2016: –7.0%, August 2016: –5.9%). In September 2016, the prices of both motor fuels (–3.5%) and household energy (–3.7%) for consumers were down on a year earlier. Among the household energy products, the price decrease was largest for heating oil (–12.5%). Decreases were also recorded for charges for central and district heating (–8.1%), gas prices (–3.2%) and solid fuel prices (–0.8%). Only electricity prices rose on the same month a year earlier (+0.7%). Excluding energy prices, the inflation rate in September 2016 would have been +1.2%.
The rise in food prices (+0.4%) in September 2016 was lower than the overall inflation rate. In September 2016, prices were up on a year earlier especially for edible fats and oils (+6.5%, including butter: +12.0%, and olive oil: +9.4%). Higher prices were observed, among other things, for fruit (+3.5%), and fish and fish products (+3.1%). Consumers paid markedly less for dairy products (–6.0%, including curd: –17.8%; UHT milk: –11.7%; sliced cheese: –6.9%).
The prices of goods (total) fell by 0.1% in September 2016 compared with September 2015, the main reason being the decrease in energy prices (–3.6%). Prices were also down for consumer electronics (−2.9%) and clothing (−1.0%). Besides total food prices, however, year-on-year prices were up for some goods, such as jewellery, clocks and watches (+2.9%), tobacco products (+3.3%), and newspapers and periodicals (+3.9%).Contrary to the price decrease for goods (total), the prices of services (total) rose by 1.3% in September 2016 from September 2015. This development was mainly due to the increase in net rents exclusive of heating expenses (+1.3% from September 2015), on which households spend roughly a fifth of their consumption expenditure. Larger year-on-year increases of service prices were observed, among other things, for services of social facilities (+4.2%), insurance services (+3.2%), and recreational and cultural services (+2.0%). A consumer-friendly price development was recorded for few services, such as telecommunications services (–1.5%).
Change in September 2016 on August 2016Compared with August 2016, total consumer prices fell just slightly by 0.1% in September 2016. Marked price increases on the previous month were observed for clothing (+6.6%) and footwear (+7.5%). A major reason here was the changeover to the autumn/winter collection. Energy prices, too, went up in September 2016 (+0.7%). Month-on-month price increases were recorded here especially for motor fuels (+1.5%) and heating oil (+2.6%). Food prices remained nearly unchanged (+0.1%).
Due to the end of the summer holidays in September, there were considerable seasonal price decreases for package holidays (–12.0%, of which domestic holidays: –6.3%; holidays abroad: –12.4%). The prices of air tickets, too, decreased on the previous month (–1.9%).
Consumer price index for Germany in August 2016Overall index / subindexWeightingIndex2010 = 100Change onthe previousyear Change onthe previousmonthin per millin per centOverall index 1,000.0022.214.171.124Food and non-alcoholic beverages102.71126.96.36.199Food90.52188.8.131.52Meat20.76184.108.40.206Fruit8.76220.127.116.11Vegetables11.26106.60.8–0.7Alcoholic beverages and tobacco37.59117.02.40.4Clothing and footwear44.93109.6–0.46.3Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels317.2918.104.22.168Net rent exclusive of heating expenses209.9322.214.171.124Household energy68.19107.5–3.70.2Electricity26.21126.96.36.199Gas14.46106.1–3.2–0.3Heating oil11.1176.1–12.52.6Furnishings, household equipment and so on49.78188.8.131.52Health44.44184.108.40.206Transport134.73220.127.116.11Motor fuels38.3791.9–3.51.5Supergrade petrol28.3892.9–3.31.5Diesel fuel9.1989.5–3.91.8Communication30.1090.1–0.90.0Recreation and culture114.92105.91.1–3.1Package holidays26.83105.9–0.8–12.0Education8.8095.12.30.5Restaurants and hotels44.67114.02.00.4Miscellaneous goods and services70.0418.104.22.168Overall index Excluding heating oil and motor fuels950.5222.214.171.124Excluding household energy931.81107.71.00.1Excluding energy (household energy and motor fuels)893.44126.96.36.199Goods479.77106.9–0.10.8Non-durable consumer goods307.89108.9–0.50.3Energy106.56101.9–3.60.7Services520.23108.41.3–0.6
Consumer price index for GermanyOverall index________Year / MonthIndex2010 = 100Change onthe previousyear Change onthe previousmonthin %A = annual average–= no figures or magnitude zero2014 A106.60.9−2015 A106.90.3−2015
September107.00.0–0.2October107.00.30.0November188.8.131.52December107.00.3–0.12016January106.10.5–0.8February106.50.00.4March184.108.40.206April106.9–0.1–0.4May220.127.116.11June18.104.22.168July22.214.171.124August126.96.36.199September188.8.131.52Harmonised index of consumer prices for Germany
The harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP) for Germany, which is calculated for European purposes, rose 0.5% in September 2016 on September 2015. The inflation rate thus reached the highest level so far this year. Compared with August 2016, the index remained unchanged in September 2016. This confirmed the HICP estimates of 29 September 2016.
More information on consumer price statistics is provided by Fachserie 17, Reihe 7.
Detailed data and long time series of consumer price statistics can also be found in the Genesis Online database in tables 61111-0004 and 61111-0006 (consumer price index) as well as in tables 61121-0002 and 61121-0004 (harmonised consumer price index).
For further information:tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 47 77,contact form
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