Labour costs in the 3rd quarter of 2016 up 2.5% on the same period of 2015

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MIL OSI – Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English –

Headline: Labour costs in the 3rd quarter of 2016 up 2.5% on the same period of 2015

WIESBADEN – In Germany, labour costs per hour worked rose 2.5% in the third quarter of 2016 on a calendar adjusted basis, compared with the third quarter of 2015. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that, compared with the previous quarter, labour costs were up 0.8% in seasonally and calendar adjusted terms. Labour costs consist of gross earnings and non-wage costs. In calendar adjusted terms, the costs of gross earnings in the third quarter of 2016 rose 2.4% on the same quarter of 2015, while non-wage costs were up 2.8%. 

For the second quarter of 2016, rates of labour cost change are available for 27 of the 28 European Union (EU) Member States. According to those results, the price of one hour worked in Germany rose a calendar adjusted 1.9% on the same quarter a year earlier. In the entire EU, the increase in labour costs averaged 1.4% in that period. The highest growth rates within the EU were recorded in Romania (+12.0%), Latvia (+9.5%) and Bulgaria (+7.3%). However, labour costs declined in Finland (–2.0%), Italy (–1.1%) and Luxembourg (–1.1%). In France, the increase in labour costs (+1.4%) was lower than in Germany. In Belgium, labour costs remained nearly unchanged (+0.1%). 

The rates of labour cost change in countries outside the euro area are measured in the relevant national currency and, consequently, are not currency adjusted. 

Methodological notes

The rates of labour cost change are based on the results of the labour cost index. The latter measures the change in labour costs and additionally provides a breakdown of labour costs into their two components, namely gross earnings and non-wage costs. In all three indices, the costs borne by employers are compared with the hours actually worked by employees. 

Revisions in the data sources used for calculating the labour cost index led to adjustments above all of the calendar and seasonally adjusted quarter-on-quarter growth rates. However, the calendar adjusted year-on-year growth rate of the labour cost index for the second quarter of 2016 was raised from +1.8% to +1.9%, too.
Labour cost indices for industry and the service sector in Germany Year, quarter Index of labourcosts, totalIndex of grossearningsIndex ofnon-wage costs 1 Calendar-adjusted, Census X-12-ARIMA 2 Calendar and seasonally adjusted, Census X-12-ARIMAChange on the previous year in % 12007 0.71.8–2.92008 2.63.10.82009 2.72.53.52010 1.30.73.32011 2.82.82.62012 3.03.32.02013 1.61.61.820142.01.92.220152.82.82.7Change on the same quarter a year earlier in % 120141st quarter0.91.6–1.52nd quarter1.81.53.13rd quarter2.72.33.94th quarter2.42.23.220151st quarter2.82.73.32nd quarter2.93.31.33rd quarter2.52.72.14th quarter2.92.54.020161st quarter2.82.82.92nd quarter1.91.24.63rd quarter2.52.42.8Change on the previous quarter in % 220141st quarter0.30.30.52nd quarter0.80.52.03rd quarter0.70.80.54th quarter0.50.70.020151st quarter0.70.61.02nd quarter0.91.2–0.13rd quarter0.40.11.34th quarter0.80.61.62016
1st quarter0.60.80.12nd quarter0.2–0.11.53rd quarter0.81.2–0.4
EU-wide comparison of labour costsChange in industry and the service sectorStatus of calculations: 2nd quarter of 2016Index of labour costs, totalIndex of labourcosts, totalIndex of grossearningsIndex ofnon-wage costsChange in 2nd quarter of 2016 on 2nd quarter of 20151  in % 1 Calendar adjusted applying national methods. 2 Data for Greece were not available.

Source: Eurostat Online Database of 2 December 2016 and calculations by Destatis based on the Eurostat Online Database.– not available
European Union 21.41.31.6Euro currency area 21.00.91.4Belgium0.10.4–0.6Bulgaria7.37.37.3Denmark1.41.32.2Germany1.91.24.6Estonia4.84.83.8Finland–2.0–2.3–0.9France1.41.41.4Ireland0.20.3–0.3Italy–1.1–0.5–2.8Croatia3.02.73.2Latvia9.59.110.9Lithuania6.66.56.9Luxembourg–1.1–0.9–2.5Malta1.51.51.4Netherlands0.60.8–0.2Austria0.60.41.1Poland2.52.52.7Portugal2.52.71.7Romania12.012.011.9Sweden2.51.64.6Slovakia1.2––Slovenia1.81.25.7Spain0.40.8–1.0Czech Republic3.2––Hungary3.03.61.2United Kingdom2.52.71.3Cyprus0.60.60.3Detailed data and time series relating to the labour cost indices by branches of economic activity can be called up free of charge via table 62421-0001 in the GENESIS-Online database.

Data for European comparisons are available under Europe in Figures.

For further information:Walter Joachimiak,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 26 89, contact form
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