December 2016: employment up 0.5% on a year earlier

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MIL OSI – Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English –

Headline: December 2016: employment up 0.5% on a year earlier

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WIESBADEN – In December 2016, roughly 43.5 million persons resident in Germany were in employment according to provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). Compared with December 2015, the number of persons in employment increased by 238,000. Although employment rose further compared with one year earlier, the increase slowed notably in the second half-year. Having amounted to 1.1% in June 2016, the year-on-year rate of change was down to 0.5% in December. Roughly 1.5 million people were unemployed in December 2016, 359,000 fewer than a year earlier. 

According to provisional results of the employment accounts, the number of persons in employment fell by 189,000, or 0.4%, in December 2016 on the previous month. The decrease on November was slightly larger than the relevant average of the past five years (–183,000 people). After seasonal adjustment, that is, after the elimination of the usual seasonal fluctuations, the number of persons in employment increased by 22,000, or 0.1%, in December 2016 month on month. 

In addition to the first calculation of the number of persons in employment for the reference month of December 2016, the provisional monthly employment results were recalculated for the year 2016. This involved taking account of all sources of employment statistics that had additionally become available until the time of calculation. For the monthly employment figures, the recalculation resulted in year-on-year change rates which, for October and November, are by 0.1 percentage points lower than the results published earlier. The annual result of 43,4 million persons in employment (national concept) and the year-on-year change rate of 1,0%, which were communicated in the press release of 2 January 2017 (No. 01/17), remained unchanged despite the recalculation. 

Results of the labour force survey show that there were 1.54 million unemployed in December 2016. Compared with the previous month, the number decreased by 162,000 or 9.9%. Adjusted for seasonal and irregular effects, the number of unemployed stood at 1.68 million. It was down by approximately 27,000 people from the previous month. The adjusted unemployment rate was 3.9% in December 2016.

Detailed data and long time series are available from the GENESIS-Online database. The data on persons in employment from employment accounts are available in tables 13321-0001 (months), 13321-0002 (quarters) and 81000-0011 (years). Data on persons in employment and unemployed persons from the labour force survey can be found in tables 13231-0001 (months).
I. Employment accountsPersons in employment whose place of residence is in Germany 1YearMonthOriginal valuesSeasonally adjusted 2personschange onprevious monthchange on thesame month ofthe previous yearpersonschange onprevious monthin millionin %in millionin % 1 Results of employment accounts as part of national accounting: persons in employment whose place of residence is in Germany (resident concept). The respective time series for persons in employment whose place of work is in Germany (domestic concept) are presented here. 2 Seasonal adjustment by Census X-12-Arima.2014January42.159–0.70.742.4660.2February42.2020.10.842.5070.1March42.3150.30.942.5230.0April42.4740.40.942.5660.1May42.5700.20.842.5650.0June42.6210.10.842.5880.1July42.6410.00.842.6330.1August42.6600.00.842.6320.0September42.8580.50.842.6560.1October42.9690.30.742.6900.1November42.9640.00.742.6820.0December42.781–0.40.742.7160.12015January42.429–0.80.642.7410.1February42.4710.10.642.7760.1March42.6340.40.842.8350.1April42.7920.40.742.8780.1May42.9130.30.842.9030.1June42.9920.20.942.9500.1July43.0230.10.943.0100.1August43.0700.11.043.0470.1September43.2820.51.043.0820.1October43.3860.21.043.1120.1November43.4580.21.143.1800.2December43.302–––0.20.943.387–0.1August43.4150.00.843.3950.0September43.6200.50.843.4200.1October43.6970.20.743.4270.0November43.7290.10.643.4530.1December43.540–0.40.543.4750.1
II. Labour force surveyUnemployed persons and persons in employment 1December2016Previous monthSame month of the previous yearNovember2016ChangeDecember2015Change 1 Persons in households aged 15 to 74 years. Extrapolated on the basis of key population figures from the 2011 Census. 2 Share of unemployed in the labour force (persons in employment and unemployed) aged 15 to 74 years. 3 Share of persons in employment in all persons aged 15 to 74 years. 4 Trend cycle component (X-12-ARIMA method using Demetra+; calculation by Eurostat).Original valuesin millionin %in millionin %Unemployed persons1.541.71–9.91.90–18.9Persons in employment42.0441.860.440.523.8shares in %in %shares in %in %Unemployment rate 23.53.9–10.34.5–22.2Employment rate 367. results 4in millionin %in millionin %Unemployed persons1.681.71–1.81.88–10.6Persons in employment41.7941.720.240.463.3shares in %in %shares in %in %Unemployment rate–0.5including: Men4.34.4–0.14.6–0.3Women3.33.4–0.14.2–0.9Persons aged under 25 years6.56.6–0.17.2–0.7Persons aged 25 to 74 years3.–0.6Employment rate 366.766.8– notes:

As of reference month January 2016, a new sampling frame based on the results of the 2011 Census has been used for the sample of the microcensus and the integrated labour force survey. As a result of the changeover, comparability over time with microcensus results of previous years may be limited. Studying in depth the potential effects of introducing the new sampling frame will be possible only when more results become available.

The number of persons in employment as obtained in the employment accounts and that from the labour force survey differ. The differences are due to the different concepts applied in the two statistical systems. For more information on the background of the differences in results between the labour force survey and the employment accounts.

Persons in employment and unemployed persons are counted according to the employment status concept of the International Labour Organization (ILO). Therefore, unemployment as shown here must not be confused with registered unemployment as published by the Federal Employment Agency. In the European Statistical System, the results of the labour force survey are used as a standard basis for calculating unemployment rates.

Annual results, quarterly results and more monthly results are available: Employment.Under “Unemployment”, the results adjusted by means of the Berlin method (BV4.1) are additionally available (trend cycle component).

>> Brief methodological description employment>> Brief methodological description hours worked

For further information:on employment accounts:Ulf-Karsten Keil,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 26 33,on the labour force survey:Andreas Grau,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 21 24,contact form
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