March 2017: employment on a solid upward trend

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MIL OSI – Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English –

Headline: March 2017: employment on a solid upward trend

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WIESBADEN – In March 2017, roughly 43.8 million persons resident in Germany were in employment according to provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). Compared with March 2016, the number of persons in employment increased by 641,000 or 1.5%. The year-on-year increase was about the same in both January 2017 (+640,000 people) and February 2017 (+646,000 people). In March 2017, approximately 1.7 million people were unemployed, 218,000 fewer than a year earlier. 

According to provisional results of the employment accounts, the number of persons in employment rose by 156,000, or 0.4%, in March 2017 month on month, not least due to the mild weather. The increase on February 2017 was higher than the relevant average of the past five years (+129,000 people). After seasonal adjustment, that is, after the elimination of the usual seasonal fluctuations, the number of persons in employment increased by 42,000, or 0.1%, in March 2017 month on month. 

In addition to the first calculation of the number of persons in employment for the reference month of March 2017, the monthly employment results published so far were recalculated for the year 2016 and the months of January and February 2017. The recalculation of the monthly results produced year-on-year rates of change for September 2016, January 2017 and February 2017 which, at the level of the overall economy, were 0.1 percentage points higher than the previously calculated results. 

Results of the labour force survey show that 1.70 million people were unemployed in March 2017. Compared with the previous month, the number decreased by 171,000 or 9.1%. Adjusted for seasonal and irregular effects, the number of unemployed stood at 1.68 million. It was down by approximately 2,000 people from the previous month. The adjusted unemployment rate was 3.9% in March 2017.

Detailed data and long time series are available from the GENESIS-Online database. The data on persons in employment from employment accounts are available in tables 13321-0001 (months) and 13321-0002 (quarters) and 81000-0011 (years). Data on persons in employment and unemployed persons from the labour force survey can be found in tables 13231-0001 (months).
I. Employment accountsPersons in employment whose place of residence is in Germany 1YearMonthOriginal valuesSeasonally adjusted 2personschange onprevious monthchange on thesame month ofthe previous yearpersonschange onprevious monthin millionin %in millionin % 1 Results of employment accounts as part of national accounting: persons in employment whose place of residence is in Germany (resident concept). The respective time series for persons in employment whose place of work is in Germany (domestic concept) are presented here. 2 Seasonal adjustment by Census X-12-Arima.2014January42.159–0.70.742.4610.2February42.2020.10.842.5040.1March42.3150.30.942.5230.0April42.4740.40.942.5700.1May42.5700.20.842.5740.0June42.6210.10.842.5990.1July42.6410.00.842.6390.1August42.6600.00.842.6270.0September42.8580.50.842.6520.1October42.9690.30.742.6870.1November42.9640.00.742.6780.0December42.781–0.40.742.7110.12015January42.429–0.80.642.7330.1February42.4710.10.642.7700.1March42.6340.40.842.8330.1April42.7920.40.742.8840.1May42.9130.30.842.9170.1June42.9920.20.942.9670.1July43.0230.10.943.0200.1August43.0700.11.043.0390.0September43.2820.51.043.0760.1October43.3860.21.043.1070.1November43.4580.21.143.1740.2December43.302–0.41.243.2320.12016January42.946–0.81.243.2570.1February43.0090.11.343.3090.1March43.1700.41.343.3630.1April43.2900.31.243.3800.0May43.4190.31.243.4230.1June43.4980.21.243.4700.1July43.4810.01.143.4800.0August43.6030.31.243.5720.2September43.8420.51.343.6340.1October43.9570.31.343.6810.1November44.0390.21.343.7550.2December43.893–0.31.443.8220.22017January43.586–0.71.543.9020.2February43.6550.21.543.9580.1March43.8110.41.544.0000.1
II. Labour force surveyUnemployed persons and persons in employment 1March2017Previous monthSame month of the previous yearFebruary2017ChangeMarch2016Change 1 Persons in households aged 15 to 74 years. Extrapolated on the basis of key population figures from the 2011 Census. 2 Share of unemployed in the labour force (persons in employment and unemployed) aged 15 to 74 years. 3 Share of persons in employment in all persons aged 15 to 74 years. 4 Trend cycle component (X-12-ARIMA method using Demetra+; calculation by Eurostat).Original valuesin millionin %in millionin %Unemployed persons1.701.87–9.11.92–11.5Persons in employment41.1241.65–1.340.561.4shares in %in %shares in %in %Unemployment rate 24.04.3–7.04.5–11.1Employment rate 366.366.6–0.565.31.5Adjusted results 4in millionin %in millionin %Unemployed persons1.681.680.01.82–7.7Persons in employment41.6941.660.140.892.0shares in %in percentage pointsshares in %in percentage pointsUnemployment rate 23.93.90.04.3–0.4including: Men4.24.3–0.14.5–0.3Women3.43.40.04.0–0.6Persons aged under 25 years6.76.8–0.17.2–0.5Persons aged 25 to 74 years3.63.60.04.0–0.4Employment rate 367.266.60.665.81.4Methodological notes:As of reference month January 2016, a new sampling frame based on the results of the 2011 Census has been used for the sample of the microcensus and the integrated labour force survey. As a result of the changeover, comparability over time with microcensus results of previous years may be limited.

The number of persons in employment as obtained in the employment accounts and that from the labour force survey differ. The differences are due to the different concepts applied in the two statistical systems. For more information on the background of the differences in results between the labour force survey and the employment accounts.

Persons in employment and unemployed persons are counted according to the employment status concept of the International Labour Organization (ILO). Therefore, unemployment as shown here must not be confused with registered unemployment as published by the Federal Employment Agency. In the European Statistical System, the results of the labour force survey are used as a standard basis for calculating unemployment rates.

Annual results, quarterly results and more monthly results are available: Employment.Under “Unemployment”, the results adjusted by means of the Berlin method (BV4.1) are additionally available (trend cycle component).

>> Brief methodological description employment>> Brief methodological description hours worked

For further information:on employment accounts:Ulf-Karsten Keil,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 26 33, on the labour force survey:Andreas Grau,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 21 24,contact form
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