Over 44 million persons in employment in 2nd quarter of 2017

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MIL OSI – Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English –

Headline: Over 44 million persons in employment in 2nd quarter of 2017

WIESBADEN – Employment continued to increase in the second quarter of 2017 according to provisional results of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). The number of persons in employment whose place of employment was in Germany amounted to 44.2 million, which was again markedly above the previous year’s level. Compared with the second quarter of 2016, the number of persons in employment increased substantially by 664,000. As in the first quarter of 2017, the growth rate was 1.5%. Compared with the first quarter of 2017, the number of persons in employment rose by 475,000 (+1.1%). Actually, seasonal growth in employment is typical in the second quarter of a year due to the general increase in outdoor work in spring. In 2017, however, the increase was higher than the relevant average of the past five years (+429,000 people). After seasonal adjustment, that is, after the elimination of the usual seasonal fluctuations, the number of persons in employment increased by 138,000, or 0.3%, in the second quarter of 2017 compared with the previous quarter.

The year-on-year rise in the total number of persons in employment in the second quarter of 2017 was mainly due to the growth in the service sector. The largest absolute employment gains were recorded for public services, education, health (+224,000 people or +2.1%), followed by business services (+153,000 people or +2.6%) and trade, transport, accommodation and food services (+130,000 people or +1.3%). However, employment continued to decline in financial and insurance activities (-15,000 people or -1.3%). In industry (excluding construction), the number of persons in employment was up by 55,000 (+0.7%) and in construction by 45,000 (+1.8%) in the second quarter of 2017 year on year. In agriculture, forestry and fishing, the number of persons in employment decreased by 9,000 (-1.4%).

Compared with the second quarter a year earlier, the number of employees increased by 690,000 (+1.8%) to 39.9 million in the second quarter of 2017. This growth was based on the continued positive development regarding jobs subject to social insurance contributions.However, the number of self-employed including family workers decreased by 26,000 ( 0.6%) to 4.3 million in the same period.

According to first provisional results of the Institute for Employment Research of the Federal Employment Agency, the average number of hours worked per person in employment was down 1.9% to 321.2 hours in the second quarter of 2017 compared with the same quarter of 2016. The total number of hours worked, that is, the number of persons in employment multiplied by the hours worked per person in employment, decreased by 0.4% to roughly 14.2 billion hours in the same period.

In addition to the first calculation of the number of persons in employment and the number of hours worked for the second quarter of 2017, the results published so far for the individual quarters from the first quarter of 2013 were recalculated as part of the regular revision of national accounts. The recalculation resulted, at the level of the overall economy, in year-on-year change rates of the quarterly employment data that differ by a maximum of 0.1 percentage points (upwards or downwards) from the results published earlier.
Persons in employment and hours workedYear,Quarter 1Persons in employment 2Hours worked 3TotalEmployeesSelf-employed 4by persons inemploymentperperson inemploymentPersons in 1,000mn hourshours 1 For persons in employment: annual and/or quarterly averages. 2 Results of employment accounts as part of national accounts; persons in employment whose place of employment is in Germany (domestic concept). 3 Source: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (Institute for Employment Research) of the Bundesagentur für Arbeit (Federal Employment Agency), Nuremberg. 4 Including family workers.qtr = quarter201442,67238,2604,41258,3361,367.1201543,06938,7104,35958,9231,368.1201643,63838,3054,33359,2861,358.620141st qtr42,22037,7964,42414,801350.62nd qtr42,64138,2104,43113,764322.83rd qtr42,86138,4364,42514,964349.14th qtr42,96538,5984,36714,807344.620151st qtr42,51738,1544,36314,872349.82nd qtr42,99838,6274,37113,899323.33rd qtr43,28638,9084,37815,071348.24th qtr43,47639,1504,32615,082346.920161st qtr43,09638,7584,33814,810343.72nd qtr43,55739,2064,35114,262327.43rd qtr43,83239,4814,35115,166346.04th qtr44,06639,7734,29315,047341.520171st qtr43,74639,4434,30315,287349.52nd qtr44,22139,8964,32514,205321.2Change in % on the corresponding period of the previous year20140.81.1–1.21.20.320150.91.2–1.21.00.120161.31.5–0.60.6–0.720141st qtr0.81.0–1.12.51.72nd qtr0.91.2–1.30.3–0.63rd qtr0.81.1–1.10.6–0.24th qtr0.81.0–1.31.20.420151st qtr0.70.9–1.40.5–0.22nd qtr0.81.1–1.41.00.23rd qtr1.01.2–1.10.7–0.34th qtr1.21.4–0.91.90.720161st qtr1.41.6–0.6–0.4–1.72nd qtr1.31.5–0.52.61.33rd qtr1.31.5–0.60.6–0.64th qtr1.41.6–0.8–0.2–1.620171st qtr1.51.8–0.83.21.72nd qtr1.51.8–0.6–0.4–1.9Persons in employment whose place of employment is in Germany, by economic sector 1Sector of economicactivity 22016201620171st qtr2nd qtr3rd qtr4th qtr1st qtr2nd qtrPersons in 1,000 1 Results of employment accounts as part of national accounts (domestic concept); annual and quarterly averages. 2 Classification of Economic Activities, 2008 edition (WZ 2008).Agriculture, forestry and fishing619591657636590577648Industry, excluding construction8,1088,0658,0808,1308,1558,1168,135including:Manufacturing7,5397,5027,5137,5597,5817,5457,563Construction2,4502,3902,4482,4832,4852,4292,493Trade, transport, accommodation and food services9,9769,8299,94810,02110,0749,94610,078Information and communication1,2401,2241,2351,2461,2571,2671,280Financial and insurance activities1,1791,1811,1771,1791,1831,1691,162Real estate activities468466466468473473474Business services5,9035,7875,8875,9645,9905,9456,040Public services, education, health10,73510,64110,70310,71910,87510,87210,927Other services2,9602,9222,9562,9862,9842,9522,984Change in % on the corresponding period of the previous yearAgriculture, forestry and fishing–2.8–3.3–3.0–2.9–2.6–2.4–1.4Industry, excluding construction0.20.20.20.20.30.60.7including:Manufacturing0.30.30.3 0.3 0.30.60.7Construction0.91.11.10.81.21.6 1.8Trade, transport, accommodation and food services1.31.41.21.21.11.21.3Information and communication1.81.51.52.02.73.53.6Financial and insurance activities–0.7–0.5–0.4–0.6–0.8–1.0–1.3Real estate activities0.20.40.00.01.11.51.7Business services2.32.72.52.12.42.72.6Public services, education, health2.42.32.42.42.32.22.1Other services0.70.80.50.70.81.00.9The current national accounts data on employment by quarters and years and the current monthly time series are available on the labour market web pages.

Detailed data and long time series on persons in employment and the number of hours worked are available in the GENESIS-Online database in the tables on national accounts of the Federation (81000-0012 and 81000-0016) and on the labour market (13321).

>> Brief methodological description employment

>> Brief methodological description hours worked

For further information:Ulf-Karsten Keil,tel. +49 (0) 611 / 75 26 33,contact form
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