Positive trend in employment continued in the 1st quarter of 2018

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Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In EnglishWIESBADEN – In the first quarter of 2018, the number of persons in employment whose place of employment was in Germany amounted to 44.3 million according to provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). Compared with the same quarter a year earlier, the number of persons in employment increased considerably by 609,000 or 1.4%. Hence the positive employment trend continued at the beginning of 2018. In the fourth quarter of 2017, the year-on-year increase had been 1.4%, too.Compared with the previous quarter, the number of persons in employment in the first quarter of 2018 declined by 316,000 (–0.7%). A decrease in employment in the first quarter of a year is a usual seasonal phenomenon. However, in 2018 the decrease was lower than the average of the past five years (–422,000 people). After seasonal adjustment, that is, after the elimination of the usual seasonal fluctuations, the relevant number increased by 196,000 (+0.4%) compared with the previous quarter.
Compared with the first quarter of 2017, the number of employees increased by a total of 676,000 (+1.7%) to stand at 40.11 million in the first quarter of 2018. The number of self-employed including family workers decreased by 67,000 (–1.6%) to 4.24 million in the same period.
Service sector contributed most to growthIn the first quarter of 2018, the rise in the number of persons in employment on the same quarter a year earlier was again mainly due to the growth in the service sector. The largest absolute employment gains within the service sector were recorded for public services, education, health (210,000 people or +1.9%), followed by business services (+131,000 or +2.2%) and trade, transport, accommodation and food services (+102,000 or +1.0%). However, employment was down in financial and insurance activities (–18,000 people or –1.5%).In industry (excluding construction), the number of persons in employment was up by 107,000 (+1.3%) and in construction by 45,000 (+1.9%) in the first quarter of 2018 compared with the same period a year earlier. In agriculture, forestry and fishing, the number of persons in employment decreased by 18,000 (–3.1%).
Total hours worked rose 0.1 percentThe average number of hours worked per person in employment was down by 1.3% to 345.4 hours in the first quarter of 2018 compared with the first quarter of 2017 according to first provisional results of the Institute for Employment Research of the Federal Employment Agency. The total number of hours worked, that is, the number of persons in employment multiplied by the hours worked per person in employment, increased by 0.1% to roughly 15.3 billion hours in the same period.
Note on the results published earlierIn addition to the first calculation of the number of persons in employment and of the number of hours worked for the first quarter of 2018, the results published for the quarters of 2017 (press release of 14 February 2018) were recalculated as part of the regular revision of national accounts. The recalculation of the quarterly employment data resulted, at the level of the overall economy, in a year-on-year change rate that is 0.1 percentage points lower for the fourth quarter than the results published earlier. The relevant change rates remained unchanged for the first to third quarters of 2017 (+1.5%), and for the year 2017. In the 28 countries of the European Union, employment was up 1.6% in 2017.
Persons in employment and hours worked
Year,Quarter 1
Persons in employment 2
Hours worked 3
Total
Employees
Self-employed 4
by persons inemployment
perperson inemployment
Persons in 1,000
mn hours
hours
1 For persons in employment: annual and/or quarterly averages.2 Results of employment accounts as part of national accounts; persons in employment whose place of employment is in Germany (domestic concept).3 Source: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (Institute for Employment Research) of the Bundesagentur für Arbeit (Federal Employment Agency), Nuremberg.4 Including family workers.qtr = quarter
2015
43,069
38,710
4,359
58,923
1,368.1
2016
43,638
39,305
4,333
59,286
1,358.6
2017
44,271
39,974
4,297
60,044
1,356.3
2015
1stqtr
42,517
38,154
4,363
14,872
349.8
2ndqtr
42,998
38,627
4,371
13,899
323.3
3rdqtr
43,286
38,908
4,378
15,071
348.2
4thqtr
43,476
39,150
4,326
15,082
346.9
2016
1stqtr
43,096
38,758
4,338
14,810
343.7
2ndqtr
43,557
39,206
4,351
14,262
327.4
3rdqtr
43,832
39,481
4,351
15,166
346.0
4thqtr
44,066
39,773
4,293
15,047
341.5
2017
1stqtr
43,738
39,433
4,305
15,303
349.9
2ndqtr
44,200
39,880
4,320
14,209
321.5
3rdqtr
44,483
40,168
4,315
15,377
345.7
4thqtr
44,663
40,416
4,247
15,154
339.3
2018
1stqtr
44,347
40,109
4,238
15,318
345.4
Change in % on the corresponding period of the previous year
2015
0.9
1.2
–1.2
1.0
0.1
2016
1.3
1.5
–0.6
0.6
–0.7
2017
1.5
1.7
–0.8
1.3
–0.2
2015
1stqtr
0.7
0.9
–1.4
0.5
–0.2
2ndqtr
0.8
1.1
–1.4
1.0
0.2
3rdqtr
1.0
1.2
–1.1
0.7
–0.3
4thqtr
1.2
1.4
–0.9
1.9
0.7
2016
1stqtr
1.4
1.6
–0.6
–0.4
–1.7
2ndqtr
1.3
1.5
–0.5
2.6
1.3
3rdqtr
1.3
1.5
–0.6
0.6
–0.6
4thqtr
1.4
1.6
–0.8
–0.2
–1.6
2017
1stqtr
1.5
1.7
–0.8
3.3
1.8
2ndqtr
1.5
1.7
–0.7
–0.4
–1.8
3rdqtr
1.5
1.7
–0.8
1.4
–0.1
4thqtr
1.4
1.6
–1.1
0.7
–0.6
2018
1stqtr
1.4
1.7
–1.6
0.1
–1.3
Persons in employment whose place of employment is in Germany, by economic sector 1
Sector of economicactivity 2
2016
2017
2017
2018
1stqtr
2ndqtr
3rdqtr
4thqtr
1stqtr
1 Results of employment accounts as part of national accounts (domestic concept); annual and quarterly averages.2 Classification of Economic Activities, 2008 edition (WZ 2008).
Persons in 1,000

Agriculture, forestry and fishing
619
617
584
653
639
592
566
Industry, excluding construction
8,108
8,193
8,127
8,156
8,229
8,262
8,234
including:
Manufacturing
7,539
7,620
7,557
7,584
7,654
7,685
7,662
Construction
2,450
2,490
2,430
2,490
2,523
2,524
2,475
Trade, transport, accommodation and food services
9,976
10,091
9,944
10,075
10,136
10,175
10,046
Information and communication
1,240
1,275
1,266
1,274
1,277
1,285
1,290
Financial and insurance activities
1,179
1,158
1,164
1,154
1,154
1,158
1,146
Real estate activities
468
475
473
474
477
479
477
Business services
5,903
6,036
5,928
6,019
6,102
6,108
6,059
Public services, education, health
10,735
10,943
10,868
10,916
10,926
11,070
11,078
Other services
2,960
2,993
2,954
2,989
3,020
3,010
2,976
Change in % on the corresponding period of the previous year
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
–2.8
–0.3
–1.2
–0.6
0.5
0.3
–3.1
Industry, excluding construction
0.2
1.0
0.8
0.9
1.2
1.3
1.3
including: 
Manufacturing
0.3
1.1
0.7
0.9
1.3
1.4
1.4
Construction
0.9
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.9
Trade, transport, accommodationand food services
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.3
1.1
1.0
1.0
Information and communication
1.8
2.8
3.4
3.2
2.5
2.2
1.9
Financial and insurance activities
–0.7
–1.8
–1.4
–2.0
–2.1
–2.1
–1.5
Real estate activities
0.2
1.5
1.5
1.7
1.9
1.3
0.8
Business services
2.3
2.3
2.4
2.2
2.3
2.0
2.2
Public services, education, health
2.4
1.9
2.1
2.0
1.9
1.8
1.9
Other services
0.7
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
0.9
0.7
The current national accounts data on employment by quarters and years and the current monthly time series are available on the labour market web pages.
Detailed data and long time series on persons in employment and the number of hours worked are available in the GENESIS-Online database in the tables on national accounts of the Federation (81000-0012 and 81000-0016) and on the labour market (13321).
>> Brief methodological description employment
>> Brief methodological description hours worked
For further information:Ulf-Karsten Keil,tel. +49 (0) 611 / 75 26 33,contact form

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