German exports in May 2018: –1.3% on May 2017

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Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In EnglishExports, May 2018109.1 billion euros
+1.8% on the previous month (calendar and seasonally adjusted)
–1.3% on the same month a year earlier
Imports, May 2018
89.4 billion euros
+0.7% on the previous month (calendar and seasonally adjusted)
+0.8% on the same month a year earlier
Foreign trade balance, May 2018:
19.7 billion euros
20.3 billion euros (calendar and seasonally adjusted)
Current account of the Deutsche Bundesbank, May 2018
12.6 billion euros
Enlarge picture WIESBADEN – Germany exported goods to the value of 109.1 billion euros and imported goods to the value of 89.4 billion euros in May 2018. Based on provisional data, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that German exports declined by 1.3%, while imports increased by 0.8% in May 2018 year on year. After calendar and seasonal adjustment, exports increased by 1.8% and imports by 0.7% compared with April 2018. 
The foreign trade balance showed a surplus of 19.7 billion euros in May 2018. In May 2017, the surplus amounted to 21.8 billion euros. In calendar and seasonally adjusted terms, the foreign trade balance recorded a surplus of 20.3 billion euros in May 2018. 
According to provisional results of the Deutsche Bundesbank, the current account of the balance of payments showed a surplus of 12.6 billion euros in May 2018, which takes into account the balances of trade in goods including supplementary trade items (+21.5 billion euros), services (–1.6 billion euros), primary income (–7.4 billion euros) and secondary income (+0.1 billion euros). In May 2017, the German current account showed a surplus of 15.2 billion euros. 
In May 2018, Germany exported goods to the value of 65.7 billion euros to the Member States of the European Union (EU), while it imported goods to the value of 51.8 billion euros from those countries. Compared with May 2017, exports to the EU countries increased by 2.4%, and imports from those countries by 2.9%. Goods to the value of 40.8 billion euros (+0.1%) were dispatched to the Euro area countries in May 2018, while the value of the goods received from those countries was 32.9 billion euros (+0.6%). In May 2018, goods to the value of 24.9 billion euros (+6.5%) were dispatched to EU countries not belonging to the Euro area, while the value of the goods which arrived from those countries was 18.9 billion euros (+7.0%). 
Exports of goods to countries outside the European Union (third countries) amounted to 43.4 billion euros in May 2018, while imports from those countries totalled 37.6 billion euros. Compared with May 2017, exports to third countries decreased by 6.4% and imports from those countries by 1.9%.
Flows of commodities and servicesin EUR bn
Item
May
JanuarytoMay
April
May
JanuarytoMay
2018
2017
1 According to calculations of the Deutsche Bundesbank
Foreign trade
1   Exports (f.o.b.)
109.1
547.4
110.3
110.5
530.4
2   Imports (c.i.f.)
89.4
447.5
90.2
88.7
431.2
3  Foreign trade balance (1-2)
19.7
99.9
20.1
21.8
99.2
Transition to trade in goods 1
4  Supplementary trade items
1.8
9.0
2.6
1.2
9.5
Current account balances 1
5  Trade in goods (3+4)
21.5
109.0
22.7
23.0
108.7
6  Services
–1.6
–2.8
–0.6
–1.7
–5.8
7  Primary income
–7.4
18.2
4.0
–5.3
21.9
8  Secondary income
0.1
–17.0
–2.6
–0.9
–26.0
Current account (5+6+7+8)
12.6
107.4
23.5
15.2
98.7
Groups of countries
Item
May2018
JanuarytoMay2018
change on
May2017
JanuarytoMay2017
billion euro
%
Total exports
109.1
547.4
–1.3
3.2
including:
EU Member States
65.7
328.9
2.4
5.3
Euro-zone
40.8
208.2
0.1
6.0
Non-euro-zone
24.9
120.7
6.5
4.0
Third countries
43.4
218.5
–6.4
0.2
Total imports
89.4
447.5
0.8
3.8
including:
EU Member States
51.8
257.3
2.9
4.9
Euro-zone
32.9
166.7
0.6
4.9
Non-euro-zone
18.9
90.6
7.0
5.0
Third countries
37.6
190.1
–1.9
2.2

Foreign trade (special trade)Exports and importsOriginal values/calendar and seasonally adjusted values 1 
Year
Month
Exports
Imports
original value
calendar and seasonallyadjusted value 1
original value
calendar and seasonallyadjusted value 1
value inbillion euros
change on the samemonth of theprevious yearin %
value inbillion euros
change onprevious monthin %
value inbillion euros
change on the samemonth of theprevious yearin %
value inbillion euros
change onprevious monthin %
1 Using Census X-12-ARIMA
2017
January
98.6
11.1
103.4
2.0
84.0
11.7
84.3
2.6
February
102.3
3.7
105.0
1.5
82.4
3.7
84.2
–0.2
March
118.2
11.0
105.1
0.1
93.0
14.8
85.9
2.1
April
100.9
–3.0
105.9
0.7
83.1
5.5
86.4
0.6
May
110.5
14.2
107.3
1.3
88.7
16.3
87.1
0.7
June
107.2
1.0
105.3
–1.8
85.1
3.7
84.5
–3.0
July
103.1
7.6
105.3
0.0
84.4
9.6
86.1
1.9
August
103.0
7.3
107.9
2.4
83.0
8.2
86.7
0.7
September
110.3
4.4
107.4
–0.4
86.4
5.5
85.8
–1.0
October
108.0
6.9
107.1
–0.3
89.2
8.5
87.3
1.8
November
116.3
8.1
111.5
4.1
92.8
8.3
88.8
1.6
December
100.5
3.5
111.4
–0.0
82.5
4.7
89.6
0.9
2018
January
107.1
8.6
111.0
–0.4
89.9
7.0
89.4
–0.2
February
104.7
2.4
107.5
–3.1
86.5
4.9
88.3
–1.3
March
116.2
–1.7
109.5
1.9
91.5
–1.7
87.9
–0.5
April
110.3
9.3
109.2
–0.3
90.2
8.6
90.2
2.6
May
109.1
–1.3
111.1
1.8
89.4
0.8
90.8
0.7
In addition, first detailed preliminary results (only in German) will be released by countries of origin/consignment and by chapters of the Commodity Classification for Foreign Trade Statistics at the time the press released is published. A comparative table for the country of origin and the country of consignment concept is available for download (only in German) on the internet.
For further information: Foreign trade,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 24 75,contact form

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