Labour costs up 2.0% in the 2nd quarter of 2018, year on year

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Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In EnglishLabour costs per hour worked, 2nd quarter of 2018+0.2% on the previous quarter (seasonally and calendar adjusted)
+2.0% on the same quarter a year earlier (calendar adjusted)
Enlarge picture WIESBADEN – In Germany, labour costs per hour worked rose by 2.0% in the second quarter of 2018 compared with the second quarter of 2017, on a calendar adjusted basis. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that labour costs were up 0.2% in seasonally and calendar adjusted terms from the previous quarter. 
Labour costs consist of gross earnings and non-wage costs. In calendar adjusted terms, the costs of gross earnings rose by 2.0% in the second quarter of 2018 compared with the second quarter of 2017, while non-wage costs were up 1.9%. 
The international comparison with the other Member States of the European Union (EU) is based on industry and the support services sector. Among other things, the public service and the health sector are not included here. For the first quarter of 2018, rates of labour cost change are available for all EU Member States. According to those results, the price of one hour worked in Germany rose by 2.7% in calendar adjusted terms on the same quarter of the previous year. In the entire EU, the increase in labour costs averaged 3.0% in that period, which is higher than the rate recorded for Germany. The highest growth rates within the EU were observed in Romania (+10.8%), Latvia (+10.4%) and Hungary (+9.2%). In all three countries the labour cost level is below average. Labour costs declined in Portugal (-1.9%). In France, the increase in labour costs (+2.6%) was somewhat smaller than in Germany. 
Labour cost indices for industry and the service sector in Germany 
Year, quarter 
Index of labourcosts, total
Index of grossearnings
Index ofnon-wage costs
1 Calendar-adjusted, Census X-12-ARIMA2 Calendar and seasonally adjusted, Census X-12-ARIMA
Change on the previous year in % 1
2009
2.7
2.5
3.5
2010
1.3
0.7
3.3
2011
2.7
2.8
2.6
2012
3.0
3.3
2.0
2013
0.8
1.4
-0.9
2014
2.5
2.2
3.5
2015
2.9
2.7
3.3
2016
2.3
2.2
2.5
2017
2.7
2.5
3.5
Change on the same quarter a year earlier in % 1
2016
1st quarter
2.9
3.1
2.3
2nd quarter
1.5
0.9
3.4
3rd quarter
2.1
2.3
1.7
4th quarter
2.7
2.8
2.6
2017
1st quarter
3.0
2.1
6.2
2nd quarter
3.1
3.4
2.3
3rd quarter
2.9
2.5
4.2
4th quarter
2.0
2.0
1.7
2018
1st quarter
2.4
2.2
3.1
2nd quarter
2.0
2.0
1.9
Change on the previous quarter in % 2
2016
1st quarter
0.6
1.3
-1.9
2nd quarter
-0.1
-0.9
2.9
3rd quarter
0.9
1.4
-0.6
4th quarter
1.3
1.0
2.3
2017
1st quarter
0.7
0.5
1.1
2nd quarter
0.3
0.5
-0.3
3rd quarter
0.6
0.5
1.1
4th quarter
0.4
0.5
-0.1
2018
1st quarter
0.9
0.6
2.1
2nd quarter
0.2
0.5
-1.0

EU-wide comparison of labour costs in business economyStatus of calculations: 1st quarter of 2018
Index of labour costs, total
Change in the 1st quarter of 2018 on the 1st quarter of 2017 1
Year 2017 2
Index of labour costs,total
Index of grossearnings
Index ofnon-wage costs
Labour costs perhour worked
in % 3
EUR
1 Source: Eurostat Online Database of 30 August 2018 and calculations by Destatis based on the Eurostat Online Database.2 Source: Eurostat Online Database of 30 April 2018 and calculations by Destatis based on the Eurostat Online Database.3 Calendar adjusted applying national methods./ = No figure due to limited reliability
European Union
3.0
3.0
2.9
26.30
Euro currency area
2.3
2.2
2.9
30.60
Belgium
1.7
2.4
0.2
41.70
Bulgaria
6.3
5.9
8.6
4.90
Denmark
1.8
1.8
1.8
43.60
Germany
2.7
2.6
3.0
34.20
Estonia
5.8
6.0
5.3
12.20
Finland
1.8
2.4
-1.0
33.40
France
2.6
2.0
4.0
36.80
Greece
1.6
1.7
1.3
14.30
Ireland
2.4
2.2
3.6
29.80
Italy
0.4
0.0
1.6
27.30
Croatia
6.2
6.2
6.1
9.20
Latvia
10.4
9.6
13.3
8.50
Lithuania
8.9
9.2
8.2
8.20
Luxembourg
1.2
1.3
-0.1
37.30
Malta
2.4
2.5
2.3
12.80
Netherlands
2.9
2.4
4.8
34.10
Austria
3.6
3.5
4.0
33.70
Poland
8.6
8.6
8.7
9.00
Portugal
-1.9
-1.8
-2.5
13.40
Romania
10.8
/
/
6.10
Sweden
1.9
2.0
1.6
41.70
Slovakia
8.2
8.2
8.3
11.40
Slovenia
4.8
4.2
8.8
16.90
Spain
2.0
2.3
0.9
21.30
Czech Republic
7.8
7.9
7.6
11.30
Hungary
9.2
11.7
-1.9
9.20
United Kingdom
4.5
4.1
7.0
26.80
Cyprus
2.0
2.0
2.0
15.90
Methodological notesThe rates of labour cost change in countries outside the euro area are measured in the relevant national currency and, consequently, are not currency adjusted.The rates of labour cost change are based on the results of the labour cost index. The latter measures the change in labour costs and additionally provides a breakdown of labour costs into their two components, namely gross earnings and non-wage costs. In all three indices, the costs borne by employers are compared with the hours actually worked by employees.
The inclusion of the 2016 labour cost survey results and revisions in the data sources used for calculating the labour cost index led to adjustments of the labour cost index growth rates for the first quarter of 2016 and all subsequent reference quarters. The adjustments caused by the revisions range between -0.9 and +0.7 percentage points.
Detailed data and time series relating to the labour cost indices by branches of economic activity can be called up free of charge via table 62421-0001 in the GENESIS-Online database.
Data for European comparisons are available under Europe in Figures.
For further information:Labour cost index,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 26 89,contact form

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