Number of persons in employment up 1.3% in August 2018 year on year

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Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English Enlarge picture WIESBADEN – In August 2018, roughly 44.8 million persons resident in Germany were in employment according to provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). This was a record high since German reunification. Compared with August 2017, the number of persons in employment increased by 1.3% (+559,000 people). In the months from May to July 2018, the year-on-year growth rates had been 1.3%, too. In August 2018, roughly 1.5 million people were unemployed, 165,000 fewer than a year earlier.According to provisional results of the employment accounts, the number of persons in employment rose by 56,000 in August 2018 on the previous month. This is roughly the average month-on-month increase of the past five years (+54,000 people). After seasonal adjustment, that is, after the elimination of the usual seasonal fluctuations, the number of persons in employment increased by 32,000, or 0.1%, in August 2018 compared with July 2018.
Results of the labour force survey show that 1.47 million people were unemployed in August 2018. Compared with the previous month, the number increased by 35,000 or 2.1%. Adjusted for seasonal and irregular effects, the number of unemployed stood at 1.45 million. It declined by roughly 9,000 people on the previous month. The adjusted unemployment rate was 3.4% in August 2018.
Detailed data and long time series are available from the GENESIS-Online database. The data on persons in employment from employment accounts are available in tables 13321-0001 (months) and 13321-0002 (quarters) and 81000-0011 (years). Data on persons in employment and unemployed persons from the labour force survey can be found in tables 13231-0001 (months).
I. Employment accountsPersons in employment whose place of residence is in Germany 1
Year
Month
Original values
Seasonally adjusted 2
persons
change onprevious month
change on thesame month ofthe previous year
persons
change onprevious month
in million
in %
in million
in %
1 Results of employment accounts as part of national accounting: persons in employment whose place of residence is in Germany (resident concept). The respective time series for persons in employment whose place of work is in Germany (domestic concept) are presented here.2 Seasonal adjustment by Census X-12-Arima.
2015
January
42.422
-0.8
0.6
42.727
0.0
February
42.471
0.1
0.6
42.765
0.1
March
42.638
0.4
0.8
42.832
0.2
April
42.802
0.4
0.8
42.886
0.1
May
42.923
0.3
0.8
42.921
0.1
June
43.007
0.2
0.9
42.973
0.1
July
43.036
0.1
0.9
43.031
0.1
August
43.087
0.1
1.0
43.065
0.1
September
43.302
0.5
1.0
43.108
0.1
October
43.409
0.2
1.0
43.147
0.1
November
43.485
0.2
1.2
43.212
0.2
December
43.334
-0.3
1.3
43.263
0.1
2016
January
42.964
-0.9
1.3
43.268
0.0
February
43.038
0.2
1.3
43.326
0.1
March
43.207
0.4
1.3
43.393
0.2
April
43.347
0.3
1.3
43.427
0.1
May
43.479
0.3
1.3
43.477
0.1
June
43.568
0.2
1.3
43.530
0.1
July
43.535
-0.1
1.2
43.532
0.0
August
43.631
0.2
1.3
43.610
0.2
September
43.870
0.5
1.3
43.678
0.2
October
43.972
0.2
1.3
43.721
0.1
November
44.057
0.2
1.3
43.788
0.2
December
43.929
-0.3
1.4
43.857
0.2
2017
January
43.596
-0.8
1.5
43.897
0.1
February
43.667
0.2
1.5
43.950
0.1
March
43.821
0.4
1.4
44.001
0.1
April
43.962
0.3
1.4
44.041
0.1
May
44.083
0.3
1.4
44.082
0.1
June
44.177
0.2
1.4
44.137
0.1
July
44.183
0.0
1.5
44.185
0.1
August
44.245
0.1
1.4
44.225
0.1
September
44.455
0.5
1.3
44.262
0.1
October
44.543
0.2
1.3
44.298
0.1
November
44.631
0.2
1.3
44.363
0.1
December
44.502
-0.3
1.3
44.428
0.1
2018
January
44.246
-0.6
1.5
44.546
0.3
February
44.307
0.1
1.5
44.589
0.1
March
44.429
0.3
1.4
44.608
0.0
April
44.556
0.3
1.4
44.637
0.1
May
44.673
0.3
1.3
44.672
0.1
June
44.744
0.2
1.3
44.703
0.1
July
44.748
0.0
1.3
44.751
0.1
August
44.804
0.1
1.3
44.783
0.1
II. Labour force surveyUnemployed persons and persons in employment 1

August2018
Previous month
Same month of the previous year
July2018
Change
August2017
Change
1 Persons in households aged 15 to 74 years.2 Share of unemployed in the labour force (persons in employment and unemployed) aged 15 to 74 years.3 Share of persons in employment in all persons aged 15 to 74 years.4 Trend cycle component (X-12-ARIMA method using JDemetra+; calculation by Eurostat).
Original values

in million
in %
in million
in %
Unemployed persons
1.47
1.44
2.1
1.64
-10.4
Persons in employment
41.76
41.50
0.6
41.98
-0.5

shares in %
in %
shares in %
in %
Unemployment rate 2
3.4
3.3
3.0
3.8
-10.5
Employment rate 3
67.6
67.2
0.6
67.3
0.4
Adjusted results 4

in million
in %
in million
in %
Unemployed persons
1.45
1.46
-0.7
1.60
-9.4
Persons in employment
41.58
41.56
0.0
41.66
-0.2

shares in %
in percentage points
shares in %
in percentage points
Unemployment rate 2
3.4
3.4
0.0
3.7
-0.3
Men
3.8
3.8
0.0
4.0
-0.2
Women
2.9
2.9
0.0
3.3
-0.4
Persons aged under 25 years
6.2
6.3
-0.1
6.5
-0.3
Persons aged 25 to 74 years
3.1
3.1
0.0
3.4
-0.3
Employment rate 3
67.3
67.3
0.0
66.7
0.6
Methodological notes:As of reference year 2016, the sample of the microcensus, and of the labour force survey integrated in it, has been put on the 2011 Census data basis. Due to this changeover, the comparability of the results of the microcensus 2016 with those of previous years is limited. More details.
The number of persons in employment as obtained in the employment accounts and that from the labour force survey differ. The differences are due to the different concepts applied in the two statistical systems. For more information on the background of the differences in results between the labour force survey and the employment accounts.
Persons in employment and unemployed persons are counted according to the employment status concept of the International Labour Organization (ILO). Therefore, unemployment as shown here must not be confused with registered unemployment as published by the Federal Employment Agency. In the European Statistical System, the results of the labour force survey are used as a standard basis for calculating unemployment rates.
Annual results, quarterly results and more monthly results are available: Employment.Under “Unemployment”, the results adjusted by means of the Berlin method (BV4.1) are additionally available (trend cycle component).
>> Brief methodological description employment>> Brief methodological description hours worked
For further information:on employment accounts:tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 26 33,
on the labour force survey:tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 21 24,contact form

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