German exports in 2018: +3.0% compared with 2017

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Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In EnglishExports, December 201896.1 billion euros+1.5% on the previous month (calendar and seasonally adjusted)-4.5% on the same month a year earlierImports, December 201882.1 billion euros+1.2% on the previous month (calendar and seasonally adjusted)+0.0% on the same month a year earlierForeign trade balance, December 201813.9 billion euros19.4 billion euros (calendar and seasonally adjusted)Current account according to calculations of the Deutsche Bundesbank, December 201821.0 billion euros Enlarge picture WIESBADEN – In 2018, Germany exported goods to the value of 1,317.9 billion euros and imported goods to the value of 1,090.0 billion euros. Based on provisional data, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that German exports increased by 3.0% and imports by 5.7% in 2018 year on year. Exports and imports in 2018 exceeded the record highs recorded in 2017 when goods had been exported to the value of 1,279.0 billion euros and imported to the value of 1,031.0 billion euros.
The foreign trade balance showed a surplus of 227.8 billion euros in 2018. In 2017, the surplus of the foreign trade balance was 247.9 billion euros.
According to provisional results of the Deutsche Bundesbank, the current account of the balance of payments showed a surplus of 249.1 billion euros in 2018, which takes into account the balances of trade in goods including supplementary trade items (+242.0 billion euros), services (-16.7 billion euros), primary income (+71.1 billion euros) and secondary income (-47.3 billion euros). In 2017, the German current account showed a surplus of 261.2 billion euros.
In 2018, Germany exported goods to the value of 778.7 billion euros to the Member States of the European Union (EU), while it imported goods to the value of 623.0 billion euros from those countries. Compared with 2017, exports to the EU countries increased by 3.8%, and imports from those countries by 6.3%. Goods to the value of 492.0 billion euros (+4.5%) were dispatched to the Euro area countries in 2018, while the value of the goods received from those countries was 405.0 billion euros (+6.9%). In 2018, goods to the value of 286.7 billion euros (+2.8%) were exported to EU countries not belonging to the Euro area, while the value of the goods imported from those countries was 218.1 billion euros (+5.2%).
Exports of goods to countries outside the European Union (third countries) amounted to 539.2 billion euros in 2018, while imports from those countries totalled 467.0 billion euros. Compared with 2017, exports to third countries increased by 1.9% and imports from those countries by 5.0%.
In December 2018, Germany exported goods to the value of 96.1 billion euros (-4.5% compared with December 2017) and imported goods to the value of 82.1 billion euros (nearly unchanged on the same month a year earlier).After calendar and seasonal adjustment, exports were up 1.5% and imports 1.2% compared with November 2018.
Flows of commodities and servicesin EUR bn
Item
Decem-ber
January toDecember
Novem-ber
Decem-ber
JanuarytoDecember
2018
2017
1 According to calculations of the Deutsche Bundesbank
Foreign trade 
1   Exports (f.o.b.)
96.1
1,317.9
116.4
100.5
1,279.0
2   Imports (c.i.f.)
82.1
1,090.0
96.0
82.1
1,031.0
3  Foreign trade balance (1-2)
13.9
227.8
20.4
18.4
247.9
Transition to trade in goods1
4  Supplementary trade items
-1.8
14.1
-0.9
0.3
20.9
Current account balances1
5  Trade in goods (3+4)
12.1
242.0
19.5
18.8
268.9
6  Services
1.7
-16.7
0.7
3.0
-20.9
7  Primary income
12.5
71.1
7.1
11.7
67.4
8  Secondary income
-5.4
-47.3
-5.6
-5.0
-54.1
    Current account (5+6+7+8)
21.0
249.1
21.6
28.4
261.2
Groups of countries
Item
December2018
JanuarytoDecember2018
change on
December2017
JanuarytoDecember2017
billion euro
%
Total exports
96.1
1,317.9
-4.5
3.0
including:
EU Member States
55.2
778.7
-4.6
3.8
Euro-zone
35.3
492.0
-4.1
4.5
Non-euro-zone
19.9
286.7
-5.5
2.8
Third countries
40.9
539.2
-4.3
1.9
Total imports
82.1
1,090.0
0.0
5.7
including:
EU Member States
47.3
623.0
1.2
6.3
Euro-zone
31.4
405.0
3.0
6.9
Non-euro-zone
15.9
218.1
-2.1
5.2
Third countries
34.8
467.0
-1.6
5.0

Foreign trade (special trade)Exports and importsOriginal values/calendar and seasonally adjusted values 1 
Year
Month
Exports
Imports
original value
calendar and seasonallyadjusted value 1
original value
calendar and seasonallyadjusted value 1
value inbillion euros
change on the samemonth of theprevious yearin %
value inbillion euros
change onprevious monthin %
value inbillion euros
change on the samemonth of theprevious yearin %
value inbillion euros
change onprevious monthin %
1 Using Census X-12-ARIMA
2017
January
98.8
11.3
103.1
2.3
83.7
11.2
84.2
2.3
February
102.4
3.9
105.5
2.3
82.1
3.4
84.0
-0.1
March
118.1
11.0
105.1
-0.4
92.8
14.6
85.7
1.9
April
100.8
-3.0
106.0
0.9
82.8
5.1
86.2
0.7
May
110.5
14.1
107.2
1.1
88.4
15.9
86.8
0.7
June
107.2
1.0
105.1
-1.9
84.8
3.4
84.1
-3.2
July
103.1
7.6
105.5
0.4
84.1
9.3
85.2
1.3
August
103.0
7.3
107.9
2.2
82.7
7.9
86.4
1.5
September
110.3
4.5
107.9
0.0
86.1
5.2
85.7
-0.9
October
108.0
6.9
107.4
-0.4
88.9
8.1
87.0
1.6
November
116.3
8.0
110.8
3.1
92.4
7.9
88.5
1.7
December
100.5
3.5
110.8
0.0
82.1
4.2
89.3
0.9

2018

January
107.1
8.4
110.5
-0.3
89.9
7.4
89.6
0.3
February
104.7
2.3
108.0
-2.3
86.5
5.2
88.5
-1.2
March
116.1
-1.7
109.5
1.4
91.5
-1.4
88.0
-0.6
April
110.2
9.4
109.3
-0.2
89.8
8.5
89.8
2.1
May
109.1
-1.3
111.0
1.6
89.0
0.7
90.4
0.7
June
115.3
7.6
110.9
-0.1
93.4
10.1
91.4
1.1
July
111.0
7.6
110.3
-0.6
94.6
12.5
93.8
2.6
August
105.4
2.4
110.4
0.1
87.7
6.1
91.7
-2.2
September
109.2
-1.1
110.0
-0.4
91.0
5.7
92.4
0.7
October
117.4
8.7
111.0
0.9
98.4
10.8
93.1
0.8
November
116.4
0.1
110.7
-0.3
96.0
3.9
91.8
-1.3
Dezember
96.1
-4.5
112.3
1.5
82.1
0.0
92.9
1.2
First detailed provisional results by country of origin/country of destination and by chapter of the Commodity Classification for Foreign Trade Statistics as well as a comparative table based on the country of origin/country of consignment concepts are available for downloading (only in German).
For further information: Foreign trade,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 24 75,contact form

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